Citizen Digital Foundation

Studies and Reports

The Global Drive to Control Big Tech

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties.

‘Beyond Fake News’ BBC study 2018 - India

Our analysis suggests that people India are not that concerned about fake news, no matter what they say in quantitative surveys. First, the initial association with or the working definition of the term ‘fake news’ is largely limited to scams (all kinds of schemes, offers and attempted cons) that they keep coming across, or messages in the realm of the fantastical, which are just too incredible to believe.

Temporal Patterns in COVID-19 misinformation in India

We find that the types of content relied upon to relay different kinds of misinformation varies. For instance, misinformation in the category “casualty” relies heavily on visual content, since the goal of these is to invoke a physical reaction, often fear or disgust. In contrast, tweets on cures and misleading statistics use a high amount of text, because the goal with these is to mislead by offering specifics.

Data privacy laws – Global map

Compare data protection laws around the world.

Internet addiction prevalence and quality of (real) life: a meta-analysis of 31 nations across seven world regions

Internet Addiction (IA) prevalence was higher for nations with greater traffic time consumption, pollution, and dissatisfaction with life in general. The prevalence rate of IA varies across world regions. IA prevalence is inversely associated with the quality of life, as reflected by both subjective (life satisfaction) and objective (quality of environmental conditions) indicators.

WHO Mental Health Reports

Mental health conditions are increasing worldwide. Mainly because of demographic changes, there has been a 13% rise in mental health conditions and substance use disorders in the last decade (to 2017). Mental health conditions now cause 1 in 5 years lived with disability. Around 20% of the world’s children and adolescents have a mental health condition, with suicide the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year-olds. Approximately one in five people in post-conflict settings have a mental health condition.

Unlocking Digital Competition - Furman Report

Our central conclusion is that digital markets will only work well if they are supported with strong pro-competition policies that open up opportunities for innovation, and counter the forces that can lead to high concentration and a single winner. Solely relying on merger and antitrust enforcement can create delays and uncertainty that can be bad for large incumbents and small entrants alike.

Digital Election Interference – Freedom House.Org

Major authoritarian powers like Russia and China have been implicated in cyberattacks and information warfare linked to elections in democratic states. In February 2019, three months before Australia’s federal elections, security agencies reported a cyberattack against the computer networks of Parliament and the three main political parties that was attributed to China’s Ministry of State Security.

Protecting privacy in an AI-driven world

“As artificial intelligence evolves, it magnifies the ability to use personal information in ways that can intrude on privacy interests by raising analysis of personal information to new levels of power and speed.”

Disinformation Index

The Global Disinformation Index provides advertisers, ad tech companies and platforms with trusted, non-partisan and independent ratings to assess a site’s disinformation risks.

Raghuram Rajan: Inclusive growth and role of technology.

Of course, the longer run answer is for customers to become more savvy. Can the technology sector help educate people in financial matters? After all, finance is not something most people learn in schools, but it is something they encounter every day in the world. Low cost but high quality distance finance education is something the country very much needs and we look to entrepreneurs here to think of innovative ways to provide it.

Artificial Intelligence: a Full-Spectrum Regulatory Challenge

In case of Facial Recognition in the Government’s case, absolute prohibition of centralised mass surveillance systems is a more efficient policy, rather than expecting them to comply with stringent regulations. Some of the biggest companies in the world have entered into contracts with governments to implement facial recognition amidst pushback from activist groups.

FB Ad Library

The ad library provides advertising transparency by offering a comprehensive, searchable collection of all ads currently running from across Facebook apps and services, including Instagram.

Google Transparency Report

Sharing data that sheds light on how the policies and actions of governments and corporations affect privacy, security, and access to information.

Children in a Digital World - UNICEF

- A boy driven nearly to suicide by cyberbullying that follows him everywhere.
- A 14-year-old girl whose ex-boyfriend created a social media profile featuring nude pictures he forced her to take of herself.
- An eight-year-old girl in the Philippines forced to perform live-stream sex acts by a neighbour who operates a child sexual abuse website.
Beyond the harm to individual children that digital technology can enable or abet is its capacity to incite violence on a massive scale that affects the lives and futures of hundreds of thousands of children.

Declaration of G20 Digital Ministers

We recognise that companies have to be prepared for the “new normal” and for further technological shifts, in order to cope with future challenges towards a sustainable, open, shared and more innovative economy. We acknowledge, as well, that there is a necessity to support MSMEs’ inclusiveness in the digital economy and that there is a need to increase our efforts on developing human-centred approach to digital economy development that accounts for the needs and perspective of traditionally vulnerable groups.

Equality Labs FB Asia report - Caste and Religious Hate Speech

We urge Facebook, the Indian public, and the global Internet Freedom community to act quickly and appropriately based on our findings. Without urgent intervention, we fear we will see hate speech weaponized into a trigger for large-scale communal violence. We further urge Facebook to take responsibility for its platform, and to cooperate with representatives of Indian civil society and Internet Freedom activists. Facebook must act to mitigate specific risks, and get more aggressive about the platform’s impact on the physical safety and fundamental human rights of India’s most vulnerable communities.

Context Before Code - Ranking Digital Rights.

The way a company responds to a crisis does not just affect its bottom line. It can have profound implications for the fundamental rights of millions, if not billions, of people, whether or not they are “users” of a product or service that the company provides.

Cyber Tipline Child Sexual Abuse Material Study

The public and electronic service providers can make reports of suspected online enticement of children for sexual acts, child sexual molestation, child sexual abuse material, child sex tourism, child sex trafficking, unsolicited obscene materials sent to a child, misleading domain names, and misleading words or digital images on the internet.

IT Act 2000

This collection features research reports and other publications on a wide range of legal topics prepared by the Law Library of Congress in response to requests or recurring interest from Congress and other federal government entities on issues concerning foreign, comparative, and international law (FCIL).

The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019

Obligations of data fiduciary, grounds for processing of personal data without consent, personal data and sensitive personal data of children, rights of data principal, transparency and accountability measures, restriction on transfer of personal data outside india, data protection authority of india, penalties and compensation…

Measuring the prevalence of online violence against women

The internet presents a double-edged sword for women. On the one hand, it provides vital spaces for women seeking expression and opportunity. On the other, it’s increasingly a vector for abusers targeting women. The COVID-19 pandemic worsened this situation as women spend more time online, increasing their exposure to threats. With a view to enable informed decision making on the issue, The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) completed a study in 2020, developing a credible and granular measurement of the global prevalence of online violence against women.

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